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    Welcome to Scholarpedia

    the peer-reviewed open-access encyclopedia,
    where knowledge is curated by communities of experts.

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    Chinese Room Argument

    Scholarpedia, 4(8):3100. (2009)

    John Searle

    John Searle (b. July 31, 1932 in Denver, Colorado) started at University of Wisconsin, 1949 and was awarded the Rhodes Scholarship in Junior year in 1952 and obtained an Oxford BA in 1955. During his D.Phil, he also served as a Lecturer in Philosophy at the Christ Church College, Oxford. He obtained his D. Phil in 1959 and since then, has been at the University of California, Berkeley full-time. He is currently the Slusser Professor of Philosophy at Berkeley.

    Dr. Searle is well known for his work on the philosophy of language, philosophy of mind, consciousness, artificial intelligence, rationality and social reality among others. A proponent of biological naturalism, he views consciousness as a subjective experience borne out of physical brain processes. He is famous for the Chinese Room argument, which he presented to prove the falsity of strong artificial intelligence.

    The author of 18 books, with works translated into 22 languages including the 1984 Reith Lectures book Minds, Brains and Science and The Mystery of Consciousness (1997), his work has also been the focus of several books and conferences. A recipient of numerous academic awards including the Mind and Brain Prize (2006) and Jean Nicod Prize (2000), Dr. Searle has served on editorial boards for philosophy and consciousness journals and has given several distinguished lectures all over the world. Apart from his scientific contributions, Dr. Searle has also contributed significantly to public service, and was honoured with the National Humanities Medal in 2005.

    For more information about Dr. Searle's work, please see:

    (Originally featured on 15 August 2011)

    Each week Scholarpedia recognizes a different contributing author by featuring a short bio of them on the home page.

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      The ATLAS experiment

      Monica Lynn Dunford and Peter Jenni (2014), Scholarpedia, 9(10):32147.

      In particle physics experiments, the discovery of increasingly more massive particles has brought deep understanding of the basic constituents of matter and of... more Icon more.png

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      Kerr-Newman metric

      Ezra (Ted) Newman and Tim Adamo (2014), Scholarpedia, 9(10):31791.

      The Kerr-Newman metric describes a very special rotating, charged mass and is the most general of the asymptotically flat stationary `black hole' solutions to... more Icon more.png

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      Triviality of four dimensional phi^4 theory on the lattice

      Ulli Wolff (2014), Scholarpedia, 9(10):7367.

      Quantum field theories are only formally defined by their Langrange density. To extract physical predictions, the theory is regularized (modified) at short distance... more Icon more.png

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      Unruh effect

      Stephen A. Fulling and George E. A. Matsas (2014), Scholarpedia, 9(10):31789.

      The Unruh effect is a surprising prediction of quantum field theory: From the point of view of an accelerating observer or detector, empty space contains a gas of... more Icon more.png

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      Nordtvedt effect

      Kenneth Nordtvedt (2014), Scholarpedia, 9(9):32141.

      In the years just prior to Einstein's publication of his Special Relativity theory Dutch physicist Hendrik Lorentz showed using Maxwell's equations for the electric fields within... more Icon more.png

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