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    Welcome to Scholarpedia

    the peer-reviewed open-access encyclopedia,
    where knowledge is curated by communities of experts.

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    Bernard Baars.jpg



    Scholarpedia, 10(8):2207. (2015)

    Bernard J Baars

    Bernard Baars (b. in Amsterdam, the Netherlands in 1946) graduated in Psychology in 1970 and obtained his PhD in Cognitive Psychology in 1977 at University of California, Los Angeles. Amongst several postdoctoral positions, he served as the Alfred P. Sloan Cognitive Science Scholar at UCSD with Don Norman and George Mandler. He was then appointed a Visiting Scientist with the John D and Catherine T MacArthur Program in Conscious and Unconscious Mental Processes at UCSF with Mardi J Horowitz in the 1980s. He went on to hold academic appointments at SUNY Stony Brook and the Wright Institute in Berkeley. Finally, he spent two years as the Senior Fellow in Theoretical Neurobiology at the Neurosciences Institute in San Diego, where he collaborated with Gerald Edelman and Giulio Tononi.

    Dr. Baars is renowned for his important work on the psychology and brain basis of conscious experience. He is well known for his Global Workspace theory which proposes a simple cognitive architecture that can explain qualitatively a large set of matched pairs of conscious and unconscious processes. The author of five books, including A Cognitive Theory of Consciousness (1988) and In the Theater of Consciousness: the Workspace of the Mind (1997), Dr. Baars has championed the cause of elevating the study of consciousness as a mainstream scientific discipline.

    He was the Founding President of the Association for the Scientific Study of Consciousness (1994-96) and the first scientific journal in the field, Consciousness & Cognition: An International Journal. He also wrote two editions of a new introductory textbook on cognitive neuroscience, Cognition, Brain & Consciousness: An Introduction to Cognitive Neuroscience (2010) that places consciousness and volition as the central questions in the mind-brain sciences.

    For more information about Dr. Baars' work, please see.

    Each week Scholarpedia recognizes a different contributing author by featuring a short bio of them on the home page.

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      CP violation in electroweak interactions

      Andrzej Buras (2015), Scholarpedia, 10(8):11418.

      One of the important phenomena in the field of fundamental interactions presently described by the the Standard Model (SM)... more Icon more.png

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      Baars Blue Brain - dGWT hi-res.png


      Bernard J Baars (2015), Scholarpedia, 10(8):2207.

      While conscious (cs) experience has been discussed throughout history, the late 19th century saw a rise in physicalistic reductionism... more Icon more.png

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      Ostrogradsky's theorem on Hamiltonian instability

      Richard P Woodard (2015), Scholarpedia, 10(8):32243.

      Ostrogradsky's construction of a Hamiltonian formalism for nondegenerate higher derivative Lagrangians is reviewed... more Icon more.png

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      Cosmic Topology fig5b.jpg

      Cosmic Topology

      Jean-Pierre Luminet (2015), Scholarpedia, 10(8):31544.

      Cosmic Topology is the name given to the study of the overall shape of the universe, which involves both global topological features... more Icon more.png

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      Topological insulators

      Shoucheng Zhang (2015), Scholarpedia, 10(7):30275.

      The electronic band structure determines the conductivity of metals and insulators. The band theory of solid describes... more Icon more.png

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      Coleman-Weinberg mechanism

      Erick J Weinberg (2015), Scholarpedia, 10(7):7484.

      The Coleman-Weinberg mechanism is a phenomenon by which a theory that at tree level appears to have a symmetric vacuum... more Icon more.png

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