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    Welcome to Scholarpedia

    the peer-reviewed open-access encyclopedia,
    where knowledge is curated by communities of experts.

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    Academics author encyclopedic articles on the subject areas they know best.

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    Each article undergoes scholarly peer-review and, if accepted, is published.

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    As the field advances, an expert curator vets article revisions.

    Disseminate: share your expertise with a global audience

    Pioneer: write the first persistent online review in your area of specialization

    Steward: supervise the development of articles in your field

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    Pyramidal neuron

    Scholarpedia, 4(5):6130 (2009)

    Nelson Spruston

    Dr. Nelson Spruston’’’ (b. May 27, 1963 in Vancouver, Canada) received a B.Sc. in Physiology from the University of British Columbia, Canada, in 1985 and his PhD in Neuroscience from the Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, in 1991. After post-doctoral training at the Max Planck Institute for Medical Research in Heidelberg, Germany, he was appointed in the Department of Neurobiology and Physiology at Northwestern University, Illinois. He remained there until 2011, when he moved to the HHMI Janelia Research Campus.

    Dr. Spruston has received several distinctions, including an Alexander von Humboldt fellowship, the NARSAD Distinguished Investigator award, the Cajal Club Cortical Explorer Prize (1998) and a National Science Foundation Career award. He is on the editorial board of Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience and The Journal of Physiology.

    Dr. Spruston uses a combination of experimental and computational methods to investigate the hippocampus. Specifically, his lab studies several aspects of neural coding in hippocampal pyramidal neurons, with a focus on how synaptic integration occurs in complex dendritic trees, how voltage-gated conductances contribute to synaptic integration, and how these channels contribute to the induction and expression of neural plasticity. He has published over 50 journal articles and book chapters and he edited (with G. Stuart and M. Häusser) the book Dendrites, which is now in its 2nd edition (Oxford University Press:2007). More information.

    Each week Scholarpedia recognizes a different contributing author by featuring a short bio of them on the home page.

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    Focused encyclopedias are published by Springer/Atlantis Press as printed volumes. The first printed volume is....

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      Image by Atlantis Press licensed under CC BY 4.0, copyright 2016.

      Scholarpedia of Touch

      Tony J. Prescott, Ehud Ahissar, and Eugene Izhikevich, Eds. (2016). Scholarpedia of Touch. Paris: Atlantis Press.

      Touch is the ability to understand the world through physical contact. The noun “touch” and the verb “to touch” derive from the Old French verb “tochier”. Touch perception is also described by the adjectives tactile from more Icon more.png

    • Image by Springer/Atlantis Press licensed under CC BY 4.0, copyright 2016.

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      Bohigas-Giannoni-Schmit conjecture

      Denis Ullmo (2016), Scholarpedia, 11(9):31721.

      In their seminal 1984 paper Bohigas, Giannoni and Schmit (1984-a) (see also Bohigas, Giannoni and Schmit 1984-b), stated a conjecture... more Icon more.png

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      Evolutionary Robotics

      Fernando Silva et al. (2016), Scholarpedia, 11(7):33333.

      Evolutionary robotics is a field of research that employs evolutionary computation to generate robots that adapt to... more Icon more.png

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      High energy cosmic rays

      Lu Lu and Alan Watson (2016), Scholarpedia, 11(7):32454.

      Cosmic rays with the kinetic energy of a well-hit tennis ball strike the top of the earth’s atmosphere about 10 times every second... more Icon more.png

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      The LHCb experiment

      Fatima Soomro and PierLuigi Campana (2016), Scholarpedia, 11(7):32452.

      The dominance of matter in our Universe is one of the deepest mysteries in Nature. According to theoretical models, matter and anti-matter... more Icon more.png

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      Rare decays of b hadrons

      Patrick Koppenburg et al. (2016), Scholarpedia, 11(6):32643.

      Physics studies fundamental interactions and their effects. At the most basic level, particle physics aims to describe the fundamental blocks of... more Icon more.png

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