Main Page

From Scholarpedia
Jump to: navigation, search
    Scholarpedia header

    Welcome to Scholarpedia

    the peer-reviewed open-access encyclopedia,
    where knowledge is curated by communities of experts.

    White arrow.png
    Icon write.png


    Academics author encyclopedic articles on the subject areas they know best.

    Stages arrow.png
    Icon planet.png


    Each article undergoes scholarly peer-review and, if accepted, is published.

    Stages arrow.png
    Icon curate.png


    As the field advances, an expert curator vets article revisions.

    Disseminate: share your expertise with a global audience

    Pioneer: write the first persistent online review in your area of specialization

    Steward: supervise the development of articles in your field

    Collaborate: work with expert scientists and scholars from around the world

    Learn: gain experience with scholarly writing and editing

    Publish: transform your writing into a peer-reviewed article

    Icon author.png


    Karl Pribram photo.jpg


    Holonomic Brain Theory

    Scholarpedia, 2(5):2735(2007).

    Karl H. Pribram

    Karl H. Pribram (b. February 25th 1919, Vienna, Austria) came to the USA in 1927. He received his BS and MD degrees at the University of Chicago and went on to become certified in the specialties of neurological surgery and behavioral medicine. Most of his career has been devoted to brain/behavior research which he pursued at the Yerkes Laboratory of Primate Biology; at Yale University and for thirty years at Stanford University where he received a lifetime career award from the National Institutes of Health as Professor of Neuroscience in the Departments of Psychology and of Psychiatry. The photo was taken at Stanford in the late 1980s.

    Upon becoming emeritus at Stanford, Dr. Pribram became the James P. and Anna King Distinguished Professor at Radford University, supported for 12 years by the Virginia Commonwealth Eminent Scholar Program. He is currently Distinguished Research Professor in cognitive neuroscience at Georgetown and George Mason Universities. In 1992, he received an honorary doctorate in psychology from the University of Montreal, and in 1996 he received an honorary doctorate in philosophy from the University of Bremen.

    Dr. Pribram is author of more than 700 papers and books such as Plans and the Structure of Behavior (with George Miller and Eugene Galanter); Languages of the Brain; Brain and Perception; and Freud’s Project Reassessed (with Merton Gill).

    Among his 100 pre and post-doctoral students are the (emeritus) head of the Department of Experimental Psychology at Oxford and two heads of Laboratories at the National Institutes of Health. Dr. Pribram has received many awards -- including the Vaclev Havel Prize for “his fundamental contribution to the understanding of science as an integral part of general culture” and from the Society of Experimental Psychologists “for his seminal role in the cognitive revolution and for his pioneering contributions to the computational, theoretical and physiological foundations of brain function and behavior.”

    He is currently working on to finish an overview of what he has learned during his seven decade long career.

    More information

    (originally featured on 18 April 2007)

    Each week Scholarpedia recognizes a different contributing author by featuring a short bio of them on the home page.

    Icon published.png


    • List bullet.png

      Nordtvedt effect

      Kenneth Nordtvedt (2014), Scholarpedia, 9(9):32141.

      In the years just prior to Einstein's publication of his Special Relativity theory Dutch physicist Hendrik Lorentz showed using Maxwell's equations for the electric fields within... more Icon more.png

    • List bullet.png

      NMR EPS Fig1.gif

      NMR studies of electronic properties of solids

      Henri Alloul (2014), Scholarpedia, 9(9):32069.

      The NMR technique is quite essential as it permits atomic scale measurements in materials. The aim of this article is to present the main parameters accessible to... more Icon more.png

    • List bullet.png


      Accretion discs

      Marek A. Abramowicz and Odele Straub (2014), Scholarpedia, 9(8):2408.

      Accretion discs are flattened astronomical objects made of rapidly rotating gas which slowly spirals onto a central gravitating body. The gravitational energy of... more Icon more.png

    • List bullet.png

      Pinning control 1.png

      Pinning control

      Mario di Bernardo and Pietro DeLellis (2014), Scholarpedia, 9(8):29958.

      Pinning control is a feedback control strategy for synchronization and consensus of complex dynamical networks. Specifically, a virtual leader (the pinner) is... more Icon more.png

    • List bullet.png


      Strongly Correlated Electrons in Solids

      Henri Alloul (2014), Scholarpedia, 9(7):32067.

      Most emergent properties of the materials discovered since the 1980's are related to the existence of electron-electron interactions which are large with respect to... more Icon more.png

    Icon editorial.png



    Icon editorial.png


    See the complete Scholarpedia editorial board.

    Personal tools

    Focal areas