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    Welcome to Scholarpedia

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    Grid cells

    Scholarpedia, 2(7):3394 (2007).
    (with May-Britt Moser)

    Edvard Moser

    Winner of the Nobel Prize 2014 in Physiology or Medicine (with May-Britt Moser and John O'Keefe) for their discoveries of cells that constitute a positioning system in the brain.

    Edvard Moser was born 27 April 1962, in Ålesund, Norway. He received his Ph.D. in Neurophysiology from the University of Oslo in 1994, under the supervision of Per Andersen. Dr. Moser went on to undertake postdoctoral training with Richard Morris at the Centre for Neuroscience, University of Edinburgh from 1994 to 1996, and was a visiting postdoctoral fellow at the laboratory of John O'Keefe at the University College, London. Dr. Moser returned to Norway in 1996 to be appointed Associate Professor in Biological Psychology at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) in Trondheim, which he held until 1998. In the same year, Dr. Moser was promoted to Full Professor of Neuroscience at NTNU. Additionally, Dr. Moser is also the founding director of the NTNU Kavli Institute for Systems Neuroscience and the Centre for the Biology of Memory (recognised as a Norwegian Research Council Centre of Excellence).

    Dr. Moser has been honoured with numerous awards, notably, the Prize for young scientists by the Royal Norwegian Academy for Sciences and Letters in 1999; the 28th annual W. Alden Spencer Award by the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University, New York in 2005; the 14th Betty and David Koester Award for Brain research by the University of Zurich in 2006; and the 10th Prix "Liliane Bettencourt pour les Sciences du Vivant" by the Foundation Bettencourt, Paris in 2006.

    Dr. Moser is a member of several scientific organisations and has editorial responsibilities for multiple scientific journals, including Science and Neuron. He is regularly invited to deliver keynote addresses at scientific gatherings.

    The main research focus of the Kavli Institute and the Centre for the Biology of Memory (both led by Drs. May-Britt and Edvard Moser) is to understand how spatial location and spatial memory are computed in the brain. Their most remarkable contribution is perhaps the discovery of grid cells in the entorhinal cortex, which points to this brain area as a hub of the network that enables us to find our way. To learn more about this work, visit

    (Originally featured on 15 November 2007)

    Each week Scholarpedia recognizes a different contributing author by featuring a short bio of them on the home page.

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      Triviality of four dimensional phi^4 theory on the lattice

      Ulli Wolff (2014), Scholarpedia, 9(10):7367.

      Quantum field theories are only formally defined by their Langrange density. To extract physical predictions, the theory is regularized (modified) at short distance... more Icon more.png

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      Unruh effect

      Stephen A. Fulling and George E. A. Matsas (2014), Scholarpedia, 9(10):31789.

      The Unruh effect is a surprising prediction of quantum field theory: From the point of view of an accelerating observer or detector, empty space contains a gas of... more Icon more.png

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      Nordtvedt effect

      Kenneth Nordtvedt (2014), Scholarpedia, 9(9):32141.

      In the years just prior to Einstein's publication of his Special Relativity theory Dutch physicist Hendrik Lorentz showed using Maxwell's equations for the electric fields within... more Icon more.png

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      NMR studies of electronic properties of solids

      Henri Alloul (2014), Scholarpedia, 9(9):32069.

      The NMR technique is quite essential as it permits atomic scale measurements in materials. The aim of this article is to present the main parameters accessible to... more Icon more.png

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      Accretion discs

      Marek A. Abramowicz and Odele Straub (2014), Scholarpedia, 9(8):2408.

      Accretion discs are flattened astronomical objects made of rapidly rotating gas which slowly spirals onto a central gravitating body. The gravitational energy of... more Icon more.png

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      Pinning control

      Mario di Bernardo and Pietro DeLellis (2014), Scholarpedia, 9(8):29958.

      Pinning control is a feedback control strategy for synchronization and consensus of complex dynamical networks. Specifically, a virtual leader (the pinner) is... more Icon more.png

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