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    Welcome to Scholarpedia

    the peer-reviewed open-access encyclopedia,
    where knowledge is curated by communities of experts.

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    Portrait Rodolfo Llinas.jpg



    Scholarpedia, 3(8):1490 (2008).


    Scholarpedia, 10(1):4606 (2015).

    Rodolfo Llinas

    Rodolfo Llinas (b. Dec 16, 1934 in Bogota, Colombia) received his M.D. in 1959 from the Universidad Javeriana in Bogota. After postdoctoral training at Harvard and the University of Minnesota, he completed a Ph.D. in neurophysiology in 1965 at the Australian National University (in John Eccles' lab). Dr. Llinas then held several research positions across the United States. In 1976, he was appointed Full Professor and Chairman of the Department of Physiology and Neuroscience, New York University School of Medicine, his current position. Since 1985 he has been the Thomas and Suzanne Murphy Professor of Neuroscience at NYU.

    Dr. Llinas is a member of the US National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, the French National Academy of Science and the Spanish Royal Academy of Medicine. He has received 7 doctorates honoris causa from universities in Colombia, Spain, Italy and Japan as well as several prizes (full list). He was Editor-in-Chief of Neuroscience for over 20 years, and is currently Senior Editor of Thalamus & Related Systems.

    Dr. Llinas's research interest encompasses all levels of brain science, from ion channels to cognition. This includes the study of (i) the intrinsic electrophysiological properties of mammalian neurons in vitro (ii) the ion channels that generate some of the sodium and calcium currents responsible for the electrophysiological properties of neurons and their distribution in different cell types, (iii) calcium microdomains in the squid giant synapse and (iv) cerebellar control of movement and thalamocortical connectivity. Dr. Llinas has authored a large number of research papers (ISI Highly Cited Researcher (HistCite Analysis 17,836 citations up to Jan 2007) complete list) and 3 monographs, the most recent being The Squid Giant Synapse: A Model for Chemical Transmission (Oxford University Press, New York, 1999) and I of the Vortex. From Neurons to Self (MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 2001).

    For more information, visit his homepage here.

    Each week Scholarpedia recognizes a different contributing author by featuring a short bio of them on the home page.

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    Focused encyclopedias are published by Springer/Atlantis Press as printed volumes. The first printed volume is....

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      Image by Atlantis Press licensed under CC BY 4.0, copyright 2016.

      Scholarpedia of Touch

      Tony J. Prescott, Ehud Ahissar, and Eugene Izhikevich, Eds. (2016). Scholarpedia of Touch. Paris: Atlantis Press.

      Touch is the ability to understand the world through physical contact. The noun “touch” and the verb “to touch” derive from the Old French verb “tochier”. Touch perception is also described by the adjectives tactile from more Icon more.png

    • Image by Springer/Atlantis Press licensed under CC BY 4.0, copyright 2016.

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      Mesoscopic transport and quantum chaos

      Rodolfo A. Jalabert (2016), Scholarpedia, 11(1):30946.

      The field of Quantum Chaos, addressing the quantum manifestations of an underlying classically chaotic dynamics, was developed in... more Icon more.png

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      Artificial General Intelligence

      Ben Goertzel (2015), Scholarpedia, 10(11):31847.

      The term "Artificial General Intelligence" (often abbreviated "AGI") has no broadly accepted precise definition, but has multiple closely... more Icon more.png

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      Deep Learning

      Juergen Schmidhuber (2015), Scholarpedia, 10(11):32832.

      Deep Learning has revolutionised Pattern Recognition and Machine Learning. It is about credit assignment in adaptive systems with... more Icon more.png

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      Sridevi Polavaram and Giorgio Ascoli (2015), Scholarpedia, 10(11):1312.

      Neuroinformatics is a highly interdisciplinary field employing methods and approaches from computer science, information systems, and... more Icon more.png

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      Silicon detectors in High Energy Physics experiments

      Manfred Krammer (2015), Scholarpedia, 10(10):32486.

      Silicon detectors are widely used in experiments in particle physics. The application of this detector technology is mostly for... more Icon more.png

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