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    Welcome to Scholarpedia

    the peer-reviewed open-access encyclopedia,
    where knowledge is curated by communities of experts.

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    Academics author encyclopedic articles on the subject areas they know best.

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    Each article undergoes scholarly peer-review and, if accepted, is published.

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    As the field advances, an expert curator vets article revisions.

    Disseminate: share your expertise with a global audience

    Pioneer: write the first persistent online review in your area of specialization

    Steward: supervise the development of articles in your field

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    Bard Ermentrout photo 2.jpg



    Scholarpedia, 2(1):1399 (2007).

    Phase Model

    Scholarpedia, 3(10):1487 (2008).

    Ermentrout-Kopell canonical model

    Scholarpedia, 3(3):1398 (2008).

    Oscillation death

    Scholarpedia, 3(11):5371 (2008).

    G. Bard Ermentrout

    Bard Ermentrout (b. 5 March, 1954 in Pennsylvania, US) graduated from the University of Chicago Department of Biophysics and Theoretical Biology in 1979. He was a postdoctoral researcher with John Rinzel at the National Institutes of Health from 1979-1982. Since 1982 he has been in the mathematics department at the University of Pittsburgh. In 2004, he was given a chair as the University Professor of Computational Biology.

    With his Ph.D. advisor, Jack Cowan (Chicago University), Dr. Ermentrout was the first to apply symmetry breaking and bifurcation methods to large scale models of the brain where he applied these ideas to a theory of visual hallucinations. With Nancy Kopell (Boston University), he developed the field of weakly coupled oscillators applied to spatial networks of neurons ranging from central pattern generators to rhythms associated with cognition. In addition, he works in many other areas of biology including work on pattern formation, self-organization, and noise.

    Bard is a Sloan Fellow, author of over 150 articles and books, and the creator of the popular simulation software XPP.

    Each week Scholarpedia recognizes a different contributing author by featuring a short bio of them on the home page.

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      Silicon detectors in High Energy Physics experiments

      Manfred Krammer (2015), Scholarpedia, 10(10):32486.

      Silicon detectors are widely used in experiments in particle physics. The application of this detector technology is mostly for... more Icon more.png

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      Chaotic microlasers

      Martina Hentschel (2015), Scholarpedia, 10(9):30923.

      Since the mid 1990ies, Chaotic microlasers have been established as an alternative to the conventional and well-known Fabry-Perot lasers... more Icon more.png

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      Cosmological constraints from baryonic acoustic oscillation measurements

      Jean-Marc Le Goff and Vanina Ruhlmann-Kleider (2015), Scholarpedia, 10(9):32149.

      Baryonic acoustic oscillations (BAO) refer to acoustic waves propagating in the ionised matter in the early Universe, before electrons and... more Icon more.png

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      The Higgs Boson discovery

      Karl Jakobs and Chris Seez (2015), Scholarpedia, 10(9):32413.

      The Higgs boson discovery was announced by the ATLAS and CMS collaborations on 4th July 2012. Evidence for a new particle... more Icon more.png

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      CP violation in electroweak interactions

      Andrzej Buras (2015), Scholarpedia, 10(8):11418.

      One of the important phenomena in the field of fundamental interactions presently described by the the Standard Model (SM)... more Icon more.png

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      Bernard J Baars (2015), Scholarpedia, 10(8):2207.

      While conscious (cs) experience has been discussed throughout history, the late 19th century saw a rise in physicalistic reductionism... more Icon more.png

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